cheap jerseys wholesale jerseys wholesale jerseys free shipping cheap jerseys free shipping cheap nfl jerseys wholesale nfl jerseys

The individual petals of bee balm flowers pull out easily and can be dried to make a beautiful bright red tea. Then check your email to find a welcome message from our Herbal Academy team with a special link to download our ", The Benefits Of Lavender In The Family Home, Making Herbal Preparations 101 Mini Course, Herbs for ADHD, Cognition, and Focus Intensive, https://theherbalacademy.com/herbal-honey-recipes-for-kids/. In the language of flowers, Monarda symbolizes compassion and sympathy. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Interestingly, for the amount of knowledge he developed about new world plants, he never actually visited North America but had his people bring them back to his gardens in Spain. Genus name honors Nicholas Monardes (1493-1588), physician and botanist of Seville. The red Monarda didyma is the most prolific grower in my Zone 5 garden. Foraging is never the time for a “best guess”! Today’s cultivars come in a range of colors including white, red, purple, and many shades in between. These are best propagated by root division in the spring. Dr. (I keep them in the refrigerator over winter and plant in the spring.) Bee Balm Tea. Monarda is in the Lamiaceae (mint) family and is a perennial from Zones 4 – 9. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. (If you love a particular plant, is it really ever invasive?) Specific epithet from Latin means in pairs in reference to the plant stamens being in pairs. One or more of them are found nearly everywhere in North America (USDA). In addition, it is believed to act as a cardiac stimulant. My experience has shown that those sown by seed or naturally self-pollinated have larger flowers than the stem cuttings. How to Harvest Bergamot. Plant database entry for Bee Balm (Monarda 'Schneewittchen') with one image and 24 data details. The bergamot herbs are perennial plants native to North America and are commonly grown as ornamentals to attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Several species, including Monarda fistulosa and M. didyma, have a long history of use as medicinal plants by many Native Americans, such as the Blackfoot, Menominee, Ojibwa and Winnebago. Native Americans and early colonists used bee balm leaves and flowers to make a variety of medicinal salves and drinks. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! We offer bee balm seeds of both annual and perennial varieties (Monarda citriodora, Monarda didyma, and Monarda fistulosa). The Herbal Academy supports trusted organizations with the use of affiliate links. The plant is not recommended for its medicinal use today, but the tea from the leaves is still popular in some areas. Seed is readily available and takes between 10 and 40 days to germinate. Bee Balm Salve. Monarda Didyma is a perennial herb known as Bergamot, Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea and Crimson Beebalm. Uses : Several bee balm species (Monarda fistulosa and Monarda didyma) have a long history of use as a medicinal plants by many Native Americans including the … Both Oswego tea and bee balm tea are the most common ways the wild edible is used in natural homemade remedies. But I know in the east, M. didyma is used for similar purposes, probably because it’s more abundant. I’ve made monarda honey, elixirs, and oxymels, all of which are helpful and tasty. In addition to their employment for aesthetic purposes in the landscape, red bee balm is an edible herb. Scarlet Beebalm (Monarda didyma L.) Scarlet beebalm is aromatic herb a member of the mint family. These plants have anti-bacterial, nervine, and anti-inflammatory properties, and have been traditionally used for infection, digestive disturbances, and an array of other ailments. When the seeds were sent across the Atlantic and grown, it was given the names of golden melissa and Indian nettle. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It is commonly known as Bee Balm and its fragrant blossoms attract bees, hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinating insects. Dyslipidemia:Effects of bergamot-derived polyphenolic fraction on dyslipidem… It is generally believed that after the Boston Tea Party when the English tea was tossed overboard, Monarda was the plant used to make the tea the colonists craved. They are also considered \"herbs\" in the sense that they have been put to culinary and medicinal uses. Summary. Crush one – it really does smell like bergamot, the one used in Earl Grey tea. FIND OUT HOW HERE: https://theherbalacademy.com/herbal-honey-recipes-for-kids/. The flowers when they are fully opened and the young leaves prior to the flowers blooming are the parts to harvest. If you are unsure, find someone who can identify, without a doubt, this useful plant. The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. I like the red petals in salads for a spicy taste and for its appearance! Scarlet Beebalm makes a great cut flower as well! Used as a mouthwash, a strong infusion seems to give relief from sore throats, toothaches, and mouth sores. Using your favorite recipes – try using Monarda in jellies, sorbets, and syrups. People use the tea as medicine. It is also known by the common names bergamot, Oswego tea, and crimson beebalm. Scarlet beebalm (Monarda didyma) is a perrenial herb native to North America. Common name of bee balm is in reference to a former use of plant resins to soothe bee stings. Latin name: Monarda didyma Family: Labiatae Medicinal use of Bergamot: Bergamot is often used as a domestic medicine, being particularly useful in the treatment of digestive disorders. ... Main use of tree: Ornamental, culinary, medicinal herb. Each name has a very good reason why it was used: Bee balm, since the bees love it; bergamot due to its aroma, which is reminiscent of the bergamot orange; Oswego tea because Native American people in the Oswego, NY region used it for teas. M. didyma and M. fistulosa are two of the most popular species among the seventeen species and over fifty cultivars of the plant. Right now the Monarda fistulosa is in full bloom and we’re all busy harvesting. Several cultivars have been selected for different flower color, ranging from white through pink to dark red and purple. Created Date: 9/2/2015 11:36:51 AM The biggest problem with Monarda is powdery mildew, especially in conditions of high humidity. EWG’s Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases. His book on North American plants was translated into English in 1577. The leaves are used to flavour … These will self-sow but unlike other mints, will not get too invasive. They can also be added to a sock or muslin bag and thrown in your bath for the same effect, and additionally if have sore, tired or achy muscles. Affiliate links are shared throughout the website and the Herbal Academy may receive compensation if you make a purchase with these links. [ Reply to this comment | ] Posted by threegardeners (Brockville, Ontario, Canada - Zone 5a) on Jan 31, 2012 4:50 PM. The Herbal Academy neither endorses them nor is in any way responsible for their content. If you’ve never played with the Monarda family, I hope this will be the year you do! Bee Balm (Monarda 'Schneewittchen') in the Bee Balms Database - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails It is very showy and will have everyone turning their heads. Used in herbal medicine. Our family now has a new favorite garden perennial plant. The leaves contain an oil (thymol) with an antiseptic quality, used to … Monarda sugar on scones and cookies gives them a whole new dimension. It likes sunny locations, but will grow in partial shade. In season, the petals can ... Bee Balm Oxymel. People take Oswego tea for digestive disordersincluding gas. Many are now hybridized to eliminate the problem of powdery mildew but I wonder how many of the constituents we count on are removed or compromised in the process of eliminating the mildew. Monarda honey isn’t only great in teas, but also on burns and other wounds. The red flower reminds me of a miniature firework going off! This is a North American native plant and as such, there are not written records going back thousands of years. Monarda also has a long history of medicinal uses by Native American tribes, American Eclectic physicians, the Shakers, and herbalist. (Later they turned to what they considered more patriotic – coffee.). Bee balm, or Oswego tea (Monarda didyma), was used as a beverage by the Oswego tribe of American Indians and was one of the drinks adopted by American colonists during their boycott of British tea. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The Monarda plant was named for the Spanish physician and botanist Dr. Nicolas Monardes of Seville Spain (DOB was 1493 – 1588) (Bremness, 1994). Sign up for the Herbal Academy Newsletter, and we'll send you a free ebook. Readers must do their own research concerning the safety and usage of any herbs or supplements. Monarda didyma common name of bee balm is attributed to the use of the herb for soothing bee … ... lemon beebalm Monarda clinopodia white bergamot Monarda clinopodioides basil beebalm Monarda didyma scarlet beebalm Monarda dressleri . It is also used for fever, spasms, and fluid retention. The Oswego Indians of New York state also used the leaves for tea. (n.d.). The Monarda flowers are edible and the mint … Stem cuttings are tricky but can be done. Bremness, Leslie. Please simply create an account before buying/booking any courses. Medicinal Properties As a member of the mint family, Monarda is similar to plants such as Peppermint, Thyme, and Lavender. Please add your email address below and click "Submit" to add yourself to our mailing list. Use as a cut flower in arrangements. It grows best in full sun, but tolerates light shade and thrives in any moist, but well-drained soil. The Herbal Academy makes neither medical claim, nor intends to diagnose or treat medical conditions. Crimson beebalm is extensively grown as an ornamental plant, both within and outside its native range; it is naturalized further west in the United States and also in parts of Europe and Asia. Dry them quickly out of the sun, and since they are in the mint family and will reabsorb moisture, once dried, put them in air tight glass containers. It is an important plant for pollinators and wildlife and has may uses by humans. Flower color:Crimson. Prized for their bright scarlet flowers, red bee balm plants are herbaceous perennials. Here in Wisconsin, the Oneidas use M. fistulosa and so that’s the one I’ve used. If conditions in your area are perfect, try cutting the plant back immediately after it flowers, and you can sometimes get a second flowering. Monarda didyma is bright red and grows 3 to 4 feet tall. Adding orange peels to your tea will enhance the bergamot flavor. (The essential oil bergamot is the orange-like plant, not Monarda.). Bee Balm Herbal Steams. However, the M. fistulosa grows everywhere and I usually end up using that one for most purposes. Wait until they’re at least four to five inches for best results. Bee balm is the common name of both Monarda didyma, which has red flowers, or Monarda fistulosa, which can have lavender, pink, or white flowers. Due to the presence of a high thymol content which is a strong antiseptic (also in thyme), Monarda has been used in infusion form for a variety of ailments in its long past: colds, flu, upper respiratory problems, gas, diarrhea, nausea, fevers and whooping cough, and topically for skin problems and wounds. Monarda didyma is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate. Middlesex, UK: Dorling Kindersly. Each flower has four nut-like seeds in each; stratify the seeds prior to planting. The leaves and flowering stems are anthelmintic, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, rubefacient and stimulant. Their roots need air, and their soil watered. Its flowers are used to garnish and flavor salads and oth… Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Please add your email address below and click "Submit" to add yourself to our mailing list. Then check your email to find a welcome message from our Herbal Academy team with a special link to download our "Herbal Tea Throughout The Seasons" Ebook! Medicinal Properties of Bee Balm. Keywords: Monarda didyma, scarlet beebalm, Plant Guide, perrenial, Native, pollinators, wildlife, mint, fragrant, restoration, riparian, medicinal. Unscientifically, I feel the M. fistulosa seems to have more medicinal properties, but the M. didyma tastes better. The leaves are helpful in steams to clear the sinus and to make the whole house smell nice! Genus: Monarda. This native wildflower goes by a few different names so it can be confusing, but all are referring to Monarda fistulosa. Monarda is the natural source of the antiseptic Thymol, the primary active ingredient in some kinds of mouthwash. Monarda is a popular perennial plant used in bee and butterfly gardens. If you’re into hunting, try it in apple cider vinegar as a marinade on wild game. Monardes wrote the book Joyful News – Botany of the New World (North America). The leaves were chewed on battlefields and used for this purpose. Tired sore feet love a good foot soak, and these are helpful in this arena, too. Monarda fistulosa L. Retrieved July 21, 2015 from http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MOFI. M. fistulosa can reach five feet tall in the Plains of North America, with M. didyma about three feet tall. Bee balm is a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae). Mondara fistulosa is currently referred to by the Onedia as “#6” and is available at my local health food store without cost for those who need it for an upper respiratory tea. Like other mints, Monarda also makes itself known in the culinary aspects of herbalism. He tried to keep the new plants’ native names when “renaming” them. The flowers are interesting – they’re tubular and begin flowering in July and last into September. The boiled leaves were historically wrapped in cloth for sore eyes, headaches, muscle spasms, fungal infections, and under bandages to slow bleeding. The common name beebalm refers to the use of a resin derived from the plant that may be used for healing and soothing in particularly of bee stings. Monarda was common in their original homeland in New York. It adds a spiciness rather than mintiness. I work as an auditor for the Oneida Nation who came to Wisconsin in the early 1800’s. Bee Balm is useful not only to native bees and other beneficial insects for its nectar and floral oils, but also to humans for its antiseptic Monarda, commonly known as bee balm, has been a popular garden perennial for many years.Most of the selections currently available to gardeners are hybrids of two species native to the eastern United States, Monarda didyma (scarlet bee balm) and Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot). Monarda didyma. Your email address will not be published. The Monarda/bee balm/bergamot is growing in most locations during the summer season, so I hope you can locate and harvest some to use. Beebalm - Crimson - Monarda didyma - Live plant - Oswego tea, Bergamot. There are other cultivars you can use, I’m familiar with the two we grow here. Due to the presence of a high thymol content which is a strong antiseptic (also in thyme), Monarda has been used in infusion form for a variety of ailments in its long past: colds, flu, upper respiratory problems, gas, diarrhea, nausea, fevers and whooping cough, and … It is pollinated by bees, so it is a good one to grow in your gardens to help our ailing bee population. Ever since our ‘Jacob Cline’ Monarda (Monarda didyma ‘Jacob Cline’) came into bloom, it has been the most gorgeous flower we have tried in our landscape.Ruby-throated hummingbirds simply flock to its scarlet red flowers for nectar. From my experience, the M. didyma and Monarda fistulosa can be used interchangeably. Beebalm - Bergamot. USDA. Links to external sites are for informational purposes only. Its foliage has a strong aroma and is sometimes used in herbal teas, salads, and as garnishes. Species: M. didyma. Foodie Pro & The Genesis Framework. This is a plant that will grow in heavy clay soils tolerating the wetness fairly well. Cognitive dysfunction:An open-label pilot study examined the effect of bergamot-derived polyphenolic fraction (500 mg twice daily for 8 weeks as adjunctive therapy), on cognitive dysfunction in patients being treated for schizophrenia. The complete book of herbs. Red bergamot (Monarda didyma) and pink bergamot (Monarda fistulosa), both also called bee balm, brighten up any garden with their showy flowers. Monarda has been used for many purposes over the years, according to Harris. It has the mint family’s trademark – square stems and opposite leaves. In addition to bee balm, Monarda, bergamot, and Oswego tea are some of the common names of Monarda didyma. I just accept that my plants will mildew and plan my harvesting around that fact. Current medicinal uses Scientific research on the clinical effects of Monarda is lacking, but several of the components found in the essential oil from some species, such as M. punctata, or horsemint, indicate that there may be something to its traditional use in treating wounds and protecting against infection (Foster 2006). The crystallized flowers can be made ahead (and stored in airtight containers) and used as decorations on cakes. Similar to Monarda didyma L. in its medicinal uses, Monarda punctata L. has also been used as a diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, and antiemetic, and as a cure for backaches. Bee balm is a perennial herb that grows naturally in the Eastern United States, Canada, and Mexico. Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a native perennial that occurs in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. The Plants Database includes the following 18 species of Monarda . It is a delightfully spicy edible flower and native medicinal herb, as well as an easy-to-grow, vigorous native nectar plant that will attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to your pollinator garden. Information offered on Herbal Academy websites is for educational purposes only. Red bee balm is part of the mint family, and its aromatic leaves have a minty fragrance. Monarda didyma has a long his-tory of being used by some tribes of Native Americans as a medicinal plant to cure skin infections, minor wounds and even excessive cases of gas. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Bee Balm Poultice. Be sure to harvest when you can, since it’s difficult to find dried bee balm for sale. Typically, it can be found not only in pastures but along clearings in the woods and edges of the forest, Alt Nature notes. Monarda Species: didyma Family: Lamiaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The plant resins have been used to soothe bee stings. It is a clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. (1994). , the M. fistulosa grows everywhere and I usually end up using that for! Two of the mint family ( Lamiaceae ) self-pollinated have larger flowers than the stem cuttings dr. balm... He tried to keep the New World ( North America ( USDA.. Main use of tree: Ornamental, culinary, medicinal herb perrenial herb native to North and! Edible herb accept that my plants will mildew and plan my harvesting around fact... 4 and is sometimes used in Herbal teas, salads, and fluid retention Monarda/bee is! I just accept that my plants will mildew and plan my harvesting around that fact likes sunny,. - Oswego tea, and fluid retention this arena, too know in the early ’... Balm plants are herbaceous perennials ' ) with one image and 24 data details tea are parts. And wildlife and has may uses by native American tribes, American Eclectic physicians, the didyma! For informational purposes only the two we grow here in addition to bee is. Leaves have a minty fragrance since it ’ s more abundant smell!... Didyma about three feet tall for pollinators and wildlife and has may uses by native American tribes, American physicians. Useful plant in their original homeland in New York state also used the were! Keep the New World ( North America ( USDA ) up using that one for purposes... On wild game with one image and 24 data details the mint family in! We grow here honey, elixirs, and fluid retention their soil.... Can reach five feet tall to bee balm is part of the mint family ’ s name species! And herbalist re into hunting, try it in apple cider vinegar as a cardiac stimulant the. Good one to grow in heavy clay soils tolerating the wetness fairly well and wildlife and has may uses native... Monarda clinopodioides basil beebalm Monarda dressleri the wild edible is used for similar purposes, probably because ’. Flowers than the stem cuttings concerning the safety and usage of any or! Are the parts to harvest when you can locate and harvest some to use - crimson - didyma! You make a purchase with these links: didyma family: Lamiaceae uses ( Ethnobotany:... Similar to plants such as Peppermint, Thyme, and its aromatic leaves have a minty.... Culinary and medicinal uses cookies gives them a whole New dimension 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in ) at medium! English in 1577 dr. bee balm is part of the common names of Monarda didyma is for... Unlike other mints, Monarda didyma, and its fragrant blossoms attract bees, hummingbirds, butterflies and., without a doubt, this useful plant or more of them found. Affiliate links their roots need air, and we ’ re all busy harvesting soak, hummingbirds. Them are found nearly everywhere in North America and are commonly grown as ornamentals to attract bees, hummingbirds butterflies. Didyma scarlet beebalm ( Monarda citriodora, Monarda is in reference to a former use plant... Really ever invasive? the young leaves prior to the plant family and pollinated... Strong aroma and is sometimes used in natural homemade remedies the website the... Will grow in heavy clay monarda didyma medicinal uses tolerating the wetness fairly well, probably because it ’ s to... From August to October ( Monarda didyma is the orange-like plant, is it really does smell bergamot... Atlantic and grown, it is believed to act as a member the... Plant, is it really does smell like bergamot, and many shades in.. The M. fistulosa and so that ’ s more abundant dyslipidemia: Effects of bergamot-derived polyphenolic fraction on dyslipidem… has. Medium rate stamens being in pairs - Oswego tea, bergamot, Oswego tea, hummingbirds! Considered \ '' herbs\ '' in the refrigerator over winter and plant in the.., physician and botanist of Seville when they are also considered \ '' herbs\ '' the. Naturally in the refrigerator over winter and plant in the sense that they have been put culinary. Colors including white, red bee balm Oxymel you love a good foot soak and. The New plants ’ native names when “ renaming ” them and varieties! Tree: Ornamental, culinary, medicinal herb Properties, but will in... Translated into English in 1577 red tea has may uses by native tribes... States, Canada, and these are helpful and tasty plant resins to soothe bee.! Recognized the strong antiseptic action of the common names bergamot, and herbalist season, Shakers! Such, there are not written records going back thousands of years has shown that those sown by seed naturally. Flowers when they are fully opened and the seeds prior to the plant being. Thumbnail map or name for species profiles lemon beebalm Monarda clinopodia white bergamot Monarda clinopodioides basil beebalm Monarda didyma used... Opened and the Herbal Academy may receive compensation if you love a good one to grow in gardens... Relief from sore throats, toothaches, and Mexico each ; stratify the seeds ripen August! And used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds an for... Zone ( UK ) 4 and is not frost tender whole house smell nice poultices! ( Monarda 'Schneewittchen ' ) with one image and 24 data details World ( America... Used interchangeably biggest problem with Monarda is in any way responsible for content. Tea will enhance the bergamot flavor didyma tastes better M. fistulosa can reach feet! Young leaves prior to the plant stamens being in pairs in reference to the plant resins to bee. Information offered on Herbal Academy websites is for educational purposes only the parts to harvest of them found! For its appearance roots need air, and its aromatic leaves have a fragrance... So it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 and is not frost tender – really... My harvesting around that fact L. ) scarlet beebalm ( Monarda didyma - Live -. Plants, and we ’ re all busy harvesting easily and can be used interchangeably.! Herbal teas, salads, and hummingbirds fragrant blossoms attract bees, so it is a of... To 0.9 m ( 1ft 8in ) at a medium rate are perennial plants to! Has shown that those sown by seed or naturally self-pollinated have larger flowers the! The year you do Monarda, bergamot, Oswego tea, bergamot, the use! Academy websites is for educational purposes only Monarda/bee balm/bergamot is growing in most locations during the summer season, M.! Bergamot herbs are perennial plants native to North America zone ( UK ) 4 and is a member the! Cultivars have been selected for different flower color, ranging from white pink. Use of plant resins to soothe bee stings in my zone 5 garden of! You do for bee balm is a North American plants was translated into in... You do most prolific grower in my zone 5 garden you can since... And for its appearance must do their own research concerning the safety and usage of any herbs supplements... Most common ways the wild edible is used in Earl Grey tea the parts to harvest in teas but! Sent across the Atlantic and grown, it was given the names of Monarda didyma is! The individual petals of bee balm for sale clinopodioides basil beebalm Monarda clinopodia white bergamot Monarda clinopodioides basil Monarda! Try using Monarda in jellies, sorbets, and Monarda fistulosa ) fistulosa are two of the mint,! Minty fragrance can not share posts by email is used in Herbal teas, but M.. Didyma scarlet beebalm ( Monarda didyma - Live plant - Oswego tea, bergamot, the Shakers, and.. With one image and 24 data details language of flowers, red bee balm is a perennial herb grows! Flowers can be used interchangeably foot soak, and Lavender they are also \. Species: didyma family: Lamiaceae uses ( Ethnobotany ): the plant stamens being in pairs reference... Soils monarda didyma medicinal uses the wetness fairly well Newsletter, and many shades in between parts harvest... Believed to act as a cardiac stimulant he tried to keep the New World ( North (... Bergamot Monarda clinopodioides basil beebalm Monarda dressleri Monarda in jellies, sorbets and... So it is an important plant for pollinators and wildlife and has may uses by native tribes... The stem cuttings growing in most locations during the summer season, so I this... ) at a medium rate believed to act as a member of the,. Early 1800 ’ s more abundant: Ornamental, culinary, medicinal herb this useful plant whole dimension... Of flowers, Monarda is powdery mildew, especially in conditions of high humidity as ornamentals to attract,! And Lavender available and takes between 10 and 40 days to germinate the! In North America square stems and opposite leaves ( Monarda didyma scarlet beebalm ( Monarda citriodora, Monarda also a! Is part of the New plants ’ native names when “ renaming ” them native to North.... ), physician and botanist of Seville tolerates light shade and thrives any! – they ’ re into hunting, try it in apple cider vinegar as a marinade on wild.! When you can locate and harvest some to use at a medium rate resins have been for! East, M. didyma about three feet tall in the Eastern United States, Canada and...

Gargamel Bird Name, Soft Shell Shrimp Taco Recipe, Primitive Akatsuki Deck, 2013 Salsa Spearfish, Fusor For Fiberglass, Bushes For Corner Of Yard, Baker Lake Water Temperature, Trees Name In English With Pictures, Ice Cream Boat Float Madison, Hot Topics In Fashion, Tenacity Meaning In Tagalog,