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Time limit is exhausted. Pupils will discover what life was like in an Iron Age hill fort in Britain. hillforts iron age hill fort hill forts iron age hill forts hillfort celts bronze age christmas colouring christmas activities ... Key Stage 2 - Year 3, 4, 5, ... Facts about The Celts - KS2 PowerPoint. But if there’s one thing they have in common, it’s that they’re all ontop of hills, right? The Celts did not have a single empire like the Romans. timeout Here are some facts about Roman Forts. Facts about The Celts - KS2 PowerPoint. How many hillforts are there in Britain? As well as small communities, there were also large settlements and heavily defended forts. Usually they followed the contours of a hill, consisting of one or more lines of earthworks, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches. The largest and most complex Iron Age hill fort in Britain today is Maiden Castle in Dorset. The resource includes a detailed lesson plan, Powerpoint and pupil resource sheets. Roman strongholds were built by a specialist corp that included a chief engineer; much of the manual work was undertaken by soldiers. The Iron Age came after the Stone Age, and took place directly after the Bronze Age, when it was discovered that iron was a much harder material … .hide-if-no-js { Harder than bronze, people could make steel by heating iron and carbon together. Farmers Dùn Deardai in Scotland Throughout the present Celtic lands and in many of those areas once lived in by Celtic tribes, hill forts can be found. Farmers grew wheat and barley, and reared sheep, goats, pigs and cattle. Hill forts first appeared in Wessex in the Late Bronze Age, but only become common in the period between 550 and 400 BC. It is situated just 2 miles south of Dorchester in Dorset. Ideal for helping with Key Stage 2 of the History National Curriculum Unit 6B: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? KS2 History - Hill Fort Worksheet This worksheet tasks pupils with labelling the different feature of an Iron Age Hill Fort, along with a completed version for reference. Throughout the present Celtic lands and in many of those areas once lived in by Celtic tribes, hill forts can be found. These were often small ditch and bank combinations encircling defensible hilltops. Please reload the CAPTCHA. They would probably have been abandoned during winter months. 3 Their construction came to a peak in Britain during the last 500 years BC, where numerous improvements were made to their defensive structures – such as extra lines of earthworks, stockades and defensive walls – due to the multiple invasions the country was subjected to that culminated in the Roman occupation from AD 43 onwards. They often fought naked. ); The Celts believed that their Gods lived in streams, rocks and trees and they would throw precious objects into a river as a gift to the Gods. Ye olde – The ‘golden age’ for hill fort construction was between 500 BC and AD 50. setTimeout( Iron was tougher than bronze, so the people of Iron Age became capable to make sharp tools like swords and spears. The spellings "hill fort", "hill-fort" and "hillfort" are all used in the archaeological literature. The largest and most complex of all Iron Age hill forts in Britain is Maiden Castle, located in Dorchester, Dorset. Iron tools made farming much easier than before and settlements grew in size. This resource can be used as a labelling exercise to assess pupils’ understanding, as a general resource to support writing or for display. This was the era during which the use of iron to build tools and weapons became popular. })(120000); Many people lived in hill forts to keep safe from attacks. display: none !important; A hillfort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. Some are interpreted as being defensive, some for settlement, some for storing grain and others simply for showing off. What was life like in an Iron Age hill fort? This KS2 History area helps children at Key Stage 2 level to learn about a vast array of topics covering major historical events. 4 A full lesson for KS2 introducing Iron Age hillforts. Your email address will not be published. Animals were often kept inside the house at night. Use in conjunction with our Hill Fort Activity Sheets.Tags in this resource: Hands-on-Potters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngPotters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngSculpting-Hands-Clay-Pottery-KS2.png There remains much evidence of Iron Age settlement in Cumbria, with hill forts, such as those at Castle Crag in Borrowdale and Dunmallard Hill, near Pooley Bridge, Ullswater. It is truly an amazing place: even after more than 2000 years, the earthworks are immense, some ramparts rising to a height of 6 metres (20 feet). The huge empire stretched from northern England to North Africa and from Portugal to the Middle East. Engineers built their forts on modified terrain -often choosing the summit or the side of a low hill, near a river or stream. Celtic warriors carried long, or oval shaped shields, spears, daggers and … From 700BC, iron became very popular in its use, which the Celtics also made use of upon their arrival in Britain in 500BC from Central Europe. ); Set high up on a chalk promontory, its ditch and ramparts enclose about sixty-five acres. }, In Britain, Iron Age spearheads, swords and other weapons were often offered by the Celtic people as sacrifices to the Celtic gods. These forts were surrounded by walls and ditches and warriors defended their people from enemy attacks and inside the hill forts, families lived in round houses. Hillforts are what they sound like: forts built on hills. Danebury Hill Fort Information for Teachers Danebury was a defended hilltop enclosure, one of a number across Wessex, known as hill forts where people lived in the Iron Age, protected by the man-made ramparts, ditches and massive gates. The Iron Age Themed Research Map. By 200 BCE their civilization stretched across much of northern and western Europe. They cover large areas of land and are surrounded by big earth banks and ditches. The Celts did not have a single empire like the Romans. }, Take part in a tribal discussion on the implications of going in to battle. KS2 History - Hill Fort Worksheet This worksheet tasks pupils with labelling the different feature of an Iron Age Hill Fort, along with a completed version for reference. However, the animals Celts raised predominantly were cattle used for milk, leather, and meat, called the Celtic Shorthorn cattle. Free Online Games about Ireland for Kids. A hill fort, essentially a defended enclosure, was an elevated site with ramparts (defensive walls) made from earth, wood or stone, and a ditch dug along the site’s perimeter. Gaul is taken by the Romans. © 2020 - Some Interesting Facts. It is situated just 2 miles south of Dorchester in Dorset. Roman forts, also known as castra, could be found all over the Roman Empire, to protect it from attack. As well as small communities, there were also large settlements and heavily defended forts. notice.style.display = "block"; Wrong. }, (function( timeout ) { The vast multiple ramparts enclose an area the size of 50 football pitches! Teach KS2 children about hill forts, how and why they were built, as well as their limitations. Hill forts were huge things that could hold everyone in the village in times of attack. The Celts were a very advanced society. By 200 BCE their civilization stretched across much of northern and western Europe. Hill forts were raised defended settlements, often built on cliff tops or large knolls and spurs, that provided trading centres and secure enclosed habitats for people during the Bronze and Iron Ages. }. The Celtic tribes lived in scattered villages. The largest, and most spectacular, hill fort in Britain is at Maiden Castle in Dorset. But if there’s one thing they have in common, it’s that they’re all ontop of hills, right? To role-play a debate in a Celtic settlement about whether or not to go into battle against a neighbouring tribe. Wrong. function() { The smoke from the fire escaped through a hole in the roof. Some Interesting Facts - Random interesting facts from the World. Maiden Castle is the largest Iron Age hill fort in Europe and covers an area of 47 acres. Facts about Hill Forts Providing invaluable defensive strongholds, hill forts were a common feature of Bronze and Iron Age Europe. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Access off A354. Colchester was one such large Celtic settlement. Most Celts lived in scattered farming communities surrounded by a bank with wooden fencing and a ditch to keep out intruders and wild animals. It must have been very smoky inside. Its earliest fortification dates to the Neolithic period, ca 3200-2500 BC. Many Celts went into battle unprotected by helmets or armour. Iron Age Hillforts Lesson Plan 5 - Year 5 & 6 History. Crickley Hill's Iron Age population within the fort was between 50 and 100: and the fort had a devastating end evidenced by the archaeological recovery of hundreds of arrow points. Most Celts lived in scattered farming communities surrounded by a bank with wooden fencing and a ditch to keep out intruders and wild animals. KS2 All About Hill Forts PowerPoint.  =  The fortification usually follows the contours of a hill and consists of one or more lines of earthworks, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches. 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