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Naturally, the fear was a condition that needed to be fixed, but the boy left the facility before Watson could remedy things. During World War II, German researchers performed a large number of experiments in concentration camps and elsewhere. Between 1913 and 1951, San Quentin Prison's chief surgeon, Dr. Leo Stanley, conducted numerous testicular experiments on inmates. In 1965, Doctors Martin Seligman and Steve Maier investigated the concept of learned... 3. The United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) is responsible for conducting numerous radiation experiments that are today condemned as being grossly unethical. Nowadays experiments that involve human beings must meet a high standard for safety and security for all research participants. The Aversion Project (1970s and 80s). The subjects, 10 of whom had previously been identified as stutterers, were divided into two groups, each with 5 stutterers and 6 regular speakers. 600 poor sharecroppers from Alabama, 399 of whom had previously contracted syphilis, were selected as subjects for the study. The teacher attempted to teach the learner how to perform small sets of word associations. History is filled with examples of unethical research. Even though the overview below is necessarily incomplete and biased towards unethical trials that have ). 8. The Milgram Conformity Experiment (1961). His parents contacted John Money, a professor of psychology and pediatrics at Johns Hopkins, who was a researcher in the development of gender. The study caused so much harm that some of the former subjects secured a monetary award from the University of Iowa in 2007 due to the harm they’d suffered. The animals suffered horribly, tearing their fingers off, clawing fur away, and in some cases breaking bones attempting to break out of their cages. During the 1950s, the U.S. government sprayed bacteria over entire cities, not as actual biological warfare, but as simulations of biological attacks to prepare for such eventualities. The question is hackneyed, yes, but it cannot be ignored when considering the ethics of human experimentation. Not surprisingly, the AEC was abolished in 1974 after it suffered from widespread criticism. A case filed by hundreds of former inmates in 2000 failed to prosper because the statute of limitations was found to have expired. As in ethics, there are some universally shared unethical practices as well. Despite the noble objectives of the endeavor, the methods used by the scientists on the 113 newborn babies were disturbingly crude. Do noble ends ever justify evil means? He wanted to determine if people displayed similar or different facial expressions while experiencing common emotions. The Stanford Prison Experiment (1971). Again, the doctor reported that the injections resulted in renewed virility in the subjects. There's a reason this experiment is commonly referred to as The Monster Study. The Robbers Cave Experiment (1954). Disclosures of unethical research such as those made by Beecher prompted the federal government four decades ago to issue regulations intended to protect human subjects involved in research and prevent unethical studies. After the horrors of the Second World War, psychological researchers like Stanley Milgram wondered what made average citizens act like those in Germany who had committed atrocities. Rehabilitation Counseling | Arkansas State University. Each group was a mixture of children with and without speech problems. Worse, the subjects were discouraged from seeking treatment for their disease elsewhere. 4. 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