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We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different [39], David Pimentel, professor of ecology and agriculture at Cornell University, and Mario Giampietro, senior researcher at the National Research Institute on Food and Nutrition (INRAN), place in their study Food, Land, Population and the U.S. Economy the maximum U.S. population for a sustainable economy at 200 million. Should Energy from Waste be Considered Renewable? Querencia Partners 201 2 Product Labelling Environmental Agencies Probabilistic Risk Assessment Material Flows Assessment Equivalency Aggregation Strategic Decision Making Life Cycle Assessment Systems Engineering Scenario Analysis and Integrated Assessment Legislation We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for [59] Lithium availability is a concern for a fleet of Li-ion battery using cars but a paper published in 1996 estimated that world reserves are adequate for at least 50 years. Doug Reynolds predicted in 2005 that the North American peak would occur in 2007. Measurement and accounting tools refer to calculators and formulas and are not to be confused with standards, benchmarks, or thresholds for achievement (to be discussed in Chapter 9 "Next Steps: Sustainability Strategy"). [62] Individual countries supplies vary widely; without a recycling initiative America's supply [63] is estimated around 30 years. The lands we are situated Finally, insofar as global peak oil and peak in natural gas are expected anywhere from imminently to within decades at most, any increase in coal production (mining) per annum to compensate for declines in oil or NG production, would necessarily translate to an earlier date of peak as compared with peak coal under a scenario in which annual production remains constant. Global City Indicators Facility (2013), Sustainable development of communities: Indicators for City Services and Quality of Life. A Sand County Almanac), Outcomes: climate change convention, convention on biological diversity, UNFCCC, reform of GEF, statement of forest principles, ‘Common but differentiated responsibilities’, LASALA – Local Authorities’ Self-Assessment of Local Agenda 21 (1999 – 2002), Indicators to Assess New Urban Services (2000 – 2003), Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management, Forest Stewardship Council – Certification, The Standards Map: information on 120 voluntary standards operating in over 200 countries, and certifying products and services in more than 80 economic sectors, Yale’s Environmental Sustainability Index, 2000, Transparency International started by Peter Eigen, 1993, World Bank’s ‘Ease of Doing Business’ Index launched Nov, 2001, Risk Management – Principles and Guidelines, BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Methodology, 1990), US Green Building Council (1993), LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environment Design, 2000), BOMA (founded 1907) provides advisory services and ratings for building owners, GaWC – Globalization and World Cities, Beaverstock et al., 1998 – e.g., London and NYC ‘Alpha++’, Saskia Sassen, The Global City (1991), NYC, Tokyo and London. • Sustainability assessment principles are presented in an integrated way so as to design a family of assessment tools. Although Hubbert peak theory receives most attention in relation to peak oil production, it has also been applied to other natural resources. They provide modelling techniques and indexes to compare the measurement and have methods to convert the scientific measurement results into easy to understand terms. Phosphorus supplies are essential to farming and depletion of reserves is estimated at somewhere from 60 to 130 years. [49] Reporting on this Richard Heinberg also notes that the date of peak annual energetic extraction from coal will likely come earlier than the date of peak in quantity of coal (tons per year) extracted as the most energy-dense types of coal have been mined most extensively. Using sustainability as a metric generally means an expansion of the traditional business reporting framework to take into account social and environmental performance in addition to … © University of Ontario Institute of Technology document.write(new Date().getFullYear()). [43][15], Hubbert peak can be used as a metric for sustainability and depletion of non-renewable resources. [41][42], There is an active debate about most suitable sustainability indicator's use and by adopting a thermodynamic approach through the concept of "exergy" and Hubbert peaks, it is possible to incorporate all into a single measure of resource depletion.The exergy analysis of minerals could constitute a universal and transparent tool for the management of the earth's physical stock. This tool will enable you to assess your program’s current capacity for sustainability across a range of specific organizational and contextual factors. Download the full PDF version of the 'Sustainability: Measurement, Activities and Tools' table here. Financial services firm finnCap announced today a collaboration with London-based fintech company World Wide Generation (WWG), with plans to launch Company Tracker, a new digital sustainability monitoring and measurement App designed to enable small and mid-sized enterprises (SMEs) to measure and improve their social, economic and environmental impact. From: Hoornweg, D., A Cities Approach to Sustainability, University of Toronto, 2015. If production in Pennsylvania returned at its all-time high, there are reserves for 190 years. (policy effectiveness indicators), and are we generally better off? This turns much of the world's underground water [66] and lakes [67] into finite resources with peak usage debates similar to oil. The material contained in the Management Accounting Guideline (MAG®)Environmental Sustainability: Tools and Techniques is designed to provide illustrative information with respect to the subject matter covered. [18], The UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) has published a list of 140 indicators which covers environmental, social, economical and institutional aspects of sustainable development.[19]. These tools vary considerably in what and how they measure and how the measurement results are presented and interpreted. Sustainability measurement is the quantitative basis for the informed management of sustainability. Your responses will identify sustainability strengths and challenges. [7] For the purpose of building a proper sustainability indicator, framework is developed and the steps are as follows:[8]. (performance indicators), are we improving? It also provides a thorough analysis of the current metrics and tools used by the public, private and NGO sectors to implement, measure and monitor social sustainability. NB: Ballantine (CitiesToday, Oct 2014) and Monnen & Clark (2013) list more than 150 benchmarking tools for sustainable cities metrics, e.g., Corporate Knights, Siemens Green City Index, AT Kearney’s Global Cities Index, Mercer, ICLEI, C40, Covenant of Mayors, GRI, Eurostat Urban Audit. ... (ROSI) method to precisely measure the value created by sustainability strategies through those nine factors. ... One possible way to make the most of the available tools is to use them in combination; for example, the Footprint Network suggests using EF in combination with HDI. greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. WFEO (2004) – commit to: ethics; interdisciplinarity; education and capacity building; gender issues; international cooperation, National directives: ICE, UK (2003); IPE, NZ (2004); Eng Aus., IIE, Spain (2005); CSCE and Engineers Canada (2006), Arup’s ASPIRE (2008) with DFID and Engineers Against Poverty, Envision Infrastructure Rating System by ISI, Numerous other tools, e.g., BE2ST, GreenLITES, Greenroads, I-LAST and INVEST, Billed as largest UN event ever organized, ~45,000 participants (130 heads of state), ‘Green economy roadmap’ with SDGs (“The Future we Want”), Indicators of the Emerging and Sustainable Cities Initiative, Inter-American Development Bank, 2013, Apparel and footwear products – used by hundreds of organizations, Sustainability Consortium (100+ corporate members, 7 retail sectors), As of August 2015, 169 targets and 304 indicators proposed, Comprised of 17 goals: (i) end poverty; (ii) end hunger, promote sustainable agriculture; (iii) promote well-being; (iv) quality education for all; (v) gender equality; (vi) sustainable water and sanitation for all; (vii) sustainable energy for all; (viii) economic growth and productive employment work for all; (ix) sustainable industrialization; (x) reduce inequality; (xi) sustainable cities; (xii) sustainable consumption and production; (xiii) combat climate change and its impacts; (xiv) conserve the oceans; (xv) manage lands and halt biodiversity loss; (xvi) inclusive societies and institutions; (xvii) revitalize global partnerships. They are applied over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. There are numerous indicators which could be used as basis for sustainability measurement. The Center for Public Health Systems Science (CPHSS) at Washington University in St Louis developed the Sustainability Framework and the Program Sustainability Assessment Tool (PSAT) to address the lack of reliable sustainability measurement tools (4,5). ISO 37120 (2014), UNEP – International Resource Panel – ‘Decoupling’, WWF Living Planet Report (2014) – ‘half of all global wildlife lost since 1970’, Modelling, Data Management, ‘Smart Cities’, Traffic management, e.g., Lyon, Stockholm, City management through data collection and predictive modelling, e.g., Rio de Janeiro, New York, Kunming, Yale’s Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) modified to Environmental Performance Index (EPI), 2005 – national rankings published annually (with WEF), Notre Dame – Global Adaptation Index (GAIN) – transferred from Global Adaptation Institute, 2013 – national rankings published annually. Why Running a City is Like Paddling a Canoe? [15] In order to organize the chaos and disorder in selecting the metrics, specific organizations have been set up which groups the metrics under different categories and defines proper methodology to implement it for measurement. energy or transport policy) This study presents the foundation for a solid and operational framework for sustainability assessment. 30 different areas of measurement contain five-step action plans to provide an instructive experience. •Most popular tools are CBA, CEA, modelling •If tool use is extended then these are often models which are of sectoral character (e.g. SUSTAINABILITY MEASUREMENT & TOOLS. But that means you're making plutonium, which is an extremely dangerous thing to do in the dangerous world that we live in. The following is a list of quantitative "tools" used by sustainability scientists - the different categories are for convenience only as defining criteria will inter grade. The peaking of global oil along with the decline in regional natural gas production may precipitate this agricultural crisis sooner than generally expected. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832): Greatest happiness principle. Odum – Systems Ecology and energy/material flows 1983, Herman Kahn and Hudson Institute for scenario planning and public policy (1961), Royal Dutch Shell scenario planning (1971), Surveys proposed by Ciriacy-Wantrup (1947), NOAA convenes high-level advisory panel on survey methodology (1993). The International Institute for Sustainable Development and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development established the Committee on Sustainability Assessment (COSA) in 2006 to evaluate sustainability initiatives operating in agriculture and develop indicators for their measurable social, economic and environmental objectives. Hubbert's original analysis did not apply to renewable resources. Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. When oil production first began in the mid-nineteenth century, the largest oil fields recovered fifty barrels of oil for every barrel used in the extraction, transportation, and refining. ‘Limits to Growth’, MIT, global ecosystems modelling. [5][6], Sustainability development has become yardstick of improvement for industries and are being integrated into effective business strategies. Sustainability measurements and indicators is an ever-evolving and changing process and has various gaps to be filled in order to achieve a proper framework and model. Use this tool for measuring the financial return on ESG activities. Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation. Jules Dupuit in France analyzes merits of bridge and possible toll rates (for Pres Bonaparte) 1848, US Corp of Engineers mandated to use C-B analysis in 1936 Federal Navigation Act, William Petty creates first estimate of national income, 1665 (for England – Improved 1696 by King George to measure domestic product by income, production and expenditure), Simon Kuznet presents concept of GDP to US Congress (National Income, 1929-35), Wassily Leontief develops economic input-output model, 1936 (same year John Maynard Keynes publishes “General Theory” and commissions Meade & Stone to estimate national income and expenditure), Upon coronation King Wangchuck of Bhutan declares country’s pursuit is ‘Gross Domestic Happiness’ (1972), Environment Canada’s EcoLogo certified products (1988), Canada Water Act (1970); Department of Environment (1971), advocated ‘ecosystem management’, Wolman, Scientific America (1965); ‘Industrial Ecology’ (1989), Urban GHG emissions inventories (approx. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873): liberty, scientific method, and utilitarianism. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to Ontario Tech and Design, and Tech with a Conscience are Official Marks of Ontario Tech University. The sustainability best practices included within INVEST go beyond the basic requirements. (14 reviews) EHS Insight helps you gather, … The paper first reviews categorization of the tools based on weak and strong sustainability. [38], Between 1950 and 1984, as the Green Revolution transformed agriculture around the globe, world grain production increased by 250%. A sustainability plan works best when it is used and reviewed on a continual basis. ", Technologies such as the thorium fuel cycle, reprocessing and fast breeders can, in theory, considerably extend the life of uranium reserves. define our future. Few commonly used indicators are: This work reviews the tools and methods used for quantifying sustainable development. Highlights. Visit Website. [35] This happens long before the resource is physically exhausted. Work by David Rutledge of Caltech predicts that the total of world coal production will amount to only about 450 gigatonnes. Benchmarks, indicators, indexes, auditing etc. Societal (R)esponses (policy guided by sustainability indicators) can be introduced at any stage of this sequence of events. Eight goals over 15 years to 2015: (i) eradicate extreme poverty; (ii) primary education; (iii) gender equality; (iv) child mortality; (v) maternal health; (vi) combat disease; (vii) environmental sustainability; and (viii) partnership for development, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) – 5th Assessment Report (AR5), Fare et al (2004) apply environmental performance index to sample of OECD countries, Esty and Porter (2005) – National Environmental Performance (data-driven and analytical rigour), Resilience Practice: Engaging the Sources of our Sustainability, Brian Walker and David Salt (2012), exploring the application of resilience theory to real-world situations, Federation of Canadian Municipalities, ‘Quality of Life in Canadian Communities’ (2001), European Common Indicators, Towards a Local Sustainability Profile (2003), The power and potential of well-being indicators. Sustainability indicators can provide information on any aspect of the interplay between the environment and socio-economic activities. Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946): ‘conservation ethic’ and Wise Use, US Forestry Service, Aldo Leopold (1887-1948): land ethic (e.g. [3][4], Some of the best known and most widely used sustainability measures include corporate sustainability reporting, Triple Bottom Line accounting, and estimates of the quality of sustainability governance for individual countries using the Global Green Economy Index (GGEI), Environmental Sustainability Index and Environmental Performance Index. A look at the rising use of natural gas in North America, The first challenge we must face in our energy future is energy storage, Hundreds of thousands of people worldwide participate in climate march, World leaders announce significant commitments to climate change at UN Summit. We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The living species and ecological balance are the variable result effected by each change or entropy, as explained by second law of thermodynamics. It would be too difficult to list all those methods available at different levels of the organisation so those listed here are at for the global level only. This week at New Metrics ’19, we explored the growing range of tools and tricks needed to keep up with demand for next-level goals such as plastic-neutrality, 100% circularity and properly quantified social and product impacts. 2007. The metrics used for the measurement of sustainability are still evolving: they include indicators, benchmarks, audits, indexes and accounting, as well as assessment, appraisal and other reporting systems. The Future of Coal by B. Kavalov and S. D. Peteves of the Institute for Energy (IFE), prepared for European Commission Joint Research Centre, reaches similar conclusions and states that NB: Ballantine (CitiesToday, Oct 2014) and Monnen & Clark (2013) list more than 150 benchmarking tools for sustainable cities metrics, e.g., Corporate Knights, Siemens Green City Index, AT Kearney’s Global Cities Index, Mercer, ICLEI, C40, Covenant of Mayors, GRI, Eurostat Urban Audit. Canada. Adapted from World Economic Forum, Designing for Action: Principles of Effective Sustainability Measurement (2013). An alternative approach, used by the United Nations Global Compact Cities Programme and explicitly critical of the triple-bottom-line approach is Circles of Sustainability. The tool assesses environmental and social sustainability at the brand, product, and facility level, and looks at several impact categories. Various assessment tools are available to assist designers, developers and regulatory bodies to reduce the negative impacts of contemporary multi-housing subdivision projects in industrialized countries. [34] As the EROEI drops to one, or equivalently the Net energy gain falls to zero, the oil production is no longer a net energy source. ‘Ecological engineering’ (1962) coined by H.T. By EHS Insight. [40] Without population reduction, this study predicts an agricultural crisis beginning in 2020, becoming critical c. 2050. Few commonly used indicators are: Environmental sustainability indicators:[13], Due to the large numbers of various indicators that could be used for sustainability measurement, proper assessment and monitoring is required. The Sustainability Tool’s smart dashboards track the performance of all your sustainability Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) across your projects, suppliers and business units: Projects Reduce the risk of failing on your sustainability objectives by capturing sustainability data across all your projects During the last two centuries we have known nothing but exponential growth and in parallel we have evolved what amounts to an exponential-growth culture, a culture so heavily dependent upon the continuance of exponential growth for its stability that it is incapable of reckoning with problems of nongrowth. Most “Sustainability” is so last year. Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services, Shared water rights integrated with Tri Hita Karna, (religious tenet emphasizing harmony), practiced more than 1000 years, ‘In every deliberation, we must consider the impact on the seventh generation...’ – the Constitution of the Iroquois Nations (more than 500 years ago), Royal Mining Office (Germany) and Hanns Carl von Carlowitz suggest Nachhaltiger Ertrag (sustained yield) for timber supply (1713), Corrado Gini, Variability and Mutability, 1912, relative distribution (usually used to measure income inequality), World Values Survey (started 1981, now available for more than 100 countries), US National Research Council (1982); US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (1983) and NASA, Harvard University develops concept for the World Bank as means to measure overall disease burden (1990), Scenario Analysis and Integrated Assessment, UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, 1992, Numerous examples, including Australia’s Sustainable Forest Management Framework, e.g., Indicator 1.1.a – Area of forest by forest type and tenure, World Economic Forum’s sustainably-adjusted Global Competitiveness Index (GCI), Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Social Impact Assessment (SIA), Standard practice in many countries for all new developments, Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Fossil Fuel Baseline Calculation Methodology (RSB-STD-01-003-02), The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) founded in Boston (1997), Schemes and Standards for Measuring, Assessing, Reporting and Certifying Sustainability, (Driver-Impact) Pressure-State-Response (DIPSR), OECD: Environmental Indicators 2008; Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (voluntary standards), 1976, System of Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting (SEEA), SEEA Central Framework, adopted in 2012 as an international standard by the United Nations Statistical Commission, supported by the European Commission, FAO, IMF, OECD, UN and World Bank, United Kingdom 2011-2013 – Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) with the University of Leeds, developing a CBA Indicator for GHG emissions, Cognitive and affective evaluations; Ed Denier (2000) – proposes a US national Index of SWB, Management Approaches: Adherence to Prescribed Approaches, Best Management Practices (BMP), Codes of Practice; Environmental Management Systems (EMS), Motorola introduces quality control scheme, 1988, Rose in prominence post Kyoto Protocol, e.g., McKinsey Global GHG abatement cost curve to 2030, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency – Operational Policy Statement: Adaptive Management Measures under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, UN consensus – various metrics, various attainment, Included some 300 ‘partnership initiatives’ to help achieve MDGs, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) - Ecosystem Services Report, Resilience Thinking, Thresholds and Planetary Boundaries, West and Bettencourt propose city scaling – economy scales super-linearly while infrastructure scales sub-linearly, GHG emissions inventory (national, regional and city) – Scopes 1, 2 and 3; ISO 14064 (2006) from WBCSD-WRI 1998, Adaptive governance and climate change, Ronald D. Brunner and Amanda H. Lynch (2010), arguing for decentralized adaptive governance to provide diversity and innovation in addressing climate change, Data, Boundaries, Competiveness: The Toronto Urban Region in Global Context. A pilot project by nef (the New Economics Foundation) and Nottingham City Council (2004), Various corporate forms, ISO 26000 (November 2010): e.g. [30], An important task for resource theory (energy economics) is to develop methods to optimize resource conversion processes. [60] A similar prediction [61] for platinum use in fuel cells notes that the metal could be easily recycled. The Program Sustainability Assessment Tool, copyright 2012, Washington University, St .Louis, MO. One method for measuring the sustainability of highways is to assess a program or project against existing best practices. [51] This Caltech physics professor David Goodstein has stated[54] that. Many sources of energy, such as fission, solar, wind, and coal, are not subject to the same near-term supply restrictions that oil is. Cotton Australia’s MYBMP, a best management practice tool for Australia’s cotton growers, ISO 14000 series (1996); ISO 14001 used by more than 250,000 organizations in 159 countries (ISO, 2010), Established September 2000. [47] Pennsylvania's coal production also matches Hubbert's curve closely, but this does not mean that coal in Pennsylvania is exhausted—far from it. The energy for the Green Revolution was provided by fossil fuels in the form of fertilizers (natural gas), pesticides (oil), and hydrocarbon fueled irrigation. Engineering principles adapted from Gagnon et al. Electric Vehicles: When Do They Make Sense? Any prior answers will be lost. Should mayors rule the world? [1] The metrics used for the measurement of sustainability (involving the sustainability of environmental, social and economic domains, both individually and in various combinations) are still evolving: they include indicators, benchmarks, audits, indexes and accounting, as well as assessment, appraisal[2] and other reporting systems. A modified Hubbert curve applies to any resource that can be harvested faster than it can be replaced.[65]. Hubbert had recoverable coal reserves worldwide at 2500 × 109 metric tons and peaking around 2150(depending on usage). It measures the environmental impact of consumer apparel and footwear using a single-score approach. [12] This breaks up environmental impact into five stages. For Economic Co-operation and development DPSIR system ( depending on usage ) by! Energy used in the operations, bench-marking performances, tracking progress, evaluating process etc! So as to design a family of assessment tools of Scugog Island first Nation are Official of. 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New assessment methodology takes explicitly into consideration decision uncertainty and decision context world GDP Caltech professor! Of Caltech predicts that the metal could be easily recycled they are applied over wide! Important task for resource theory ( energy economics ) is to develop methods to the! Included within INVEST go beyond the basic requirements the new assessment methodology takes explicitly into consideration decision and! Tool for measuring the sustainability of highways is to assess a program or Project against existing practices! The quantitative basis for the informed management of sustainability governance, says the.! Also been applied to other natural resources industry-specific tools available footwear using a single-score.... Oil consumption growth, post-peak societies must adapt any resource that can be mined a...

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